February 14: Today in Royal History

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  • Post published:February 13, 2024
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Maria Pia of Savoy, Queen of Portugal; Credit – Wikipedia

February 14, 1317 – Death of Margaret of France, Queen of England, second wife of King Edward I of England, at Marlborough Castle in Wiltshire, England; buried at Grey Friars Church in Newgate, London, England
In 1299, 60-year-old King Edward I married 17-year-old Margaret of France, the daughter of King Philippe III of France. Although Edward and his beloved first wife Eleanor of Castile had fourteen children, they had only one surviving son. Edward I was worried about the succession, and a second marriage with sons would ensure the succession. Margaret and Edward had two sons and a daughter who died in childhood. As King Edward I’s first wife had done, Margaret accompanied him on military campaigns. On the way to a military campaign in Scotland in 1307, King Edward I died. Although the widowed Margaret was still in her 20s, she never remarried saying, “When Edward died, all men died for me.” Margaret then retired to her dower house, Marlborough Castle, in Wiltshire, England, where she lived the rest of her life. She died there on February 14, 1318, not yet 40 years old.
Unofficial Royalty: Margaret of France, Queen of England

February 14, 1400 – Death/Starvation (?) of deposed King Richard II of England at Pontefract Castle in Wakefield, England; buried at Westminster Abbey in London, England
Richard II, King of England was deposed by his first cousin Henry of Bolingbroke who then reigned as Henry IV, King of England. Held in captivity at Pontefract Castle in Pontefract, West Yorkshire, England, Richard is thought to have starved to death and died on or around February 14, 1400. Henry IV realized that left alive, Richard would remain a threat and it is probable that the deposed king was left at Pontefract Castle to starve to death.
Unofficial Royalty: Death of Richard II, King of England
Unofficial Royalty: King Richard II of England

February 14, 1714 – Death of Maria Luisa of Savoy, first wife of King Felipe V of Spain, at the Royal Alcázar in Madrid; buried at the Monastery of San Lorenzo El Real in El Escorial, Spain
Maria Luisa was the daughter Vittorio Amedeo II, King of Sardinia and Anne Marie of Orléans. In 1701, she married King Felipe V of Spain who has been born a French prince Philippe, Duke of Anjou. Maria Luisa and Felipe V had four sons but only two survived childhood and they both had childless marriages. Maria Luisa and Felipe V had a loving, happy marriage. She acted as Regent of Spain from 1702 until 1703 during Felipe V’s absence due to the War of the Spanish Succession and had great influence over him as his adviser. Sadly, Maria Luisa died from tuberculosis at the age of 25 on February 14, 1714.
Unofficial Royalty: Maria Luisa of Savoy, Queen of Spain

February 14, 1830 – Death of Luise of Hesse-Darmstadt, Grand Duchess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, wife of Karl August, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach; buried in the Weimarer Fürstengruft in the Historical Cemetery in Weimar, Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, now in Thuringia, Germany
Luise was the daughter of the daughter of Ludwig IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt and Caroline of Zweibrücken. In 1775, she married Karl August, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach and the couple had four children. The arranged marriage was purely dynastic and there was not much love between the two. During the Napoleonic Wars, when French forces advanced on Weimar in 1806, Luise stood firm and remained there while most of the family fled or were off fighting in the war. She personally stood up to Napoleon himself and protect Weimar and its people from the fighting. Her efforts were successful, and Weimar remained mostly untouched. Several years later, at the Congress of Vienna in 1815, Luise’s efforts ensured that the duchy did not have to cede any territory, and was instead elevated to a Grand Duchy. Luise stepped away from public duties after being widowed in 1828. The Dowager Grand Duchess died nearly two years later, on February 14, 1830, at the age of 73.
Unofficial Royalty: Luise of Hesse-Darmstadt, Grand Duchess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach

February 14, 1847 – Birth of Maria Pia of Savoy, Queen of Portugal, wife of King Luís I of Portugal, at the Royal Palace in Turin, Kingdom of Sardinia, now in Italy
Maria Pia was the daughter of Vittorio Emanuele II, King of Sardinia (later king of a united Italy) and Archduchess Adelheid of Austria. In 1862, she married King Luis I of Portugal, and they had two sons including King Carlos I of Portugal. Maria Pia was infamous for her wild spending but she was equally well known for her charity work. In 1889, Maria Pia’s husband died and her son Carlos became King of Portugal. Maria Pia’s brother King Umberto I of Italy was assassinated in 1900. Following the assassination of her son King Carlos I of Portugal and his son Crown Prince Luis Filipe in 1908, and the deposing of her grandson King Manuel II of Portugal two years later, Maria Pia fell into a deep depression. She returned to her native Italy where she died in 1911.
Unofficial Royalty: Maria Pia of Savoy, Queen of Portugal

February 14, 1945 – Birth of Prince Hans-Adam II of Liechtenstein in Zurich, Switzerland
Full name: Johannes Adam Ferdinand Alois Josef Maria Marko d’Aviano Pius
Prince Hans-Adam II is the current reigning Prince of Liechtenstein. He is the eldest son of Prince Franz Josef II of Liechtenstein and Countess Georgina von Wilczek. In 1967, Hans-Adam married Countess Marie Aglaë Kinsky von Wchinitz und Tettau, his second cousin once removed and the couple had four children. Upon the death of his father in 1989, Hans-Adam became the reigning Prince of Liechtenstein. In 2004, Prince Hans-Adam II appointed his son Hereditary Prince Alois as his deputy. While Hans-Adam remains Head of State, the Hereditary Prince has assumed most of the duties of the position. Hans-Adam now focuses primarily on the management of the assets of the Princely Family. After suffering a stroke three days earlier, Hans-Adam’s wife Princess Marie died at a hospital in Grabs, Switzerland on August 21, 2021, at the age of 81.
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Hans-Adam II of Liechtenstein

February 14, 1981 – Wedding of Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg and Maria Teresa Mestre y Batista at the Notre Dame Cathedral in Luxembourg City, Luxembourg
Hereditary Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg (the future Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg) married Maria Teresa Mestre y Batista-Falla on February 14, 1981, in a civil ceremony at the Grand Ducal Palace in Luxembourg City, Luxembourg, and then in a religious ceremony at the Cathedral of Notre Dame also in Luxembourg City, Luxembourg. Over 700 guests attended the wedding and reception. Maria Teresa and Henri met while completing their studies at the University of Geneva. Occasionally both would end up working on class projects together or in the same study groups. It is unknown exactly how long the two knew one another before dating, but it is known that their relationship blossomed out of a strong friendship.
Unofficial Royalty: Wedding of Grand Duke Henri and Maria Teresa Mestre y Batista-Falla

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